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Poland, T&T mark 20 years of relations

Business Guardian - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 22:08

Chargé d’affaires of the Polish Embassy in Caracas, Venezuela, Milena Łukasiewicz, says her country sees T&T as a country to invest in.

When people think of T&T’s European ties, they think of western European countries like England, Spain and France; countries that colonised the Caribbean islands.

Few think about Poland, which is an Eastern European country, but its historical and contemporary ties with T&T are much stronger than people think.

In reply to Guardian Media questions, Łukasiewicz noted the historical and growing ties between the two countries.

On August 15, there was a book launch coinciding with 100 years of Polish independence and 20 years of diplomatic ties between the two countries at More Vino, Woodbrook. It was hosted by businessman David Lewis, who is Poland’s Consul in T&T.

Business with T&T

Łukasiewicz said T&T has a reputation internationally for being an important investment destination.

“With over 15 years of economic growth, T&T has earned the reputation of being an ideal country for foreign investment and one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean region,” Łukasiewicz explained.

“At the moment there is no bilateral economic agreement signed between Poland and T&T, but the inter-regional Cotonou Agreement between the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States and the European Union is in force.”

She also gave statistics on trade between the two countries.

“According to data from the Ministry of Economy of Poland, the value of trade with T&T amounted to US$3, 264,513 in 2016. Polish exports to T&T reached US$3,144 315 that year, and the value of Polish imports from T&T amounted to US$120,988,” she revealed.

“The main export assortments were mechanical and electrical machines and devices (about 45 per cent of total exports), and products of the chemical industry. T&T imported from Poland food products, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, machines, mechanical and electrical equipment, medical devices and apparatus, tannins and pigments.”

She added that T&T has always been one of the main Caribbean markets for Polish exporters for years. Nevertheless, the share of the total value of exports and imports to and from T&T does not exceed 0.01 per cent of the total Polish export and import activity. Trade turnover in 2017 closed with the number US$5, 210 000. Export amounted to US$5,040,000 and import only US$170,000.

Speaking about how Poland can help a small developing economy like T&T, she pointed to a number of initiatives.

“Since 2007, Poland’s development aid towards the Americas has been allocated through the Small Grants Programme. T&T has benefited from the three branches of this programme: education, empowerment of civil society and climate change. Moreover, Poland supports T&T in international fora, including the push given by the EU to multilateral investments linked to the fight against climate change and the sustainable developments goals.”

She said a lot is also being done to strengthen diplomatic ties between the countries.

“Poland is represented in T&T by its Embassy in Caracas and by the presence in Port-of-Spain of the Honorary Consul of the Republic of Poland, David Lewis. In this two-fold way, we continuously enhance our political, economic, cultural and consular bilateral relations. Showing a wider perspective, a book has just been published about the history of Poles in the twin-island republic, Polish Legacies in Trinidad and Tobago, by Ian Senior. And to keep working in the mutual knowledge, the Embassy of Poland will select a Trinbagonian journalist to conduct a study trip in Poland in 2019.”

She also gave a historical overview of relations between the countries.

“As a curious fact, there was a time when Poland tried to establish a colony in Tobago. On the basis of the Union of Vilnius (November 28, 1561), Gotthard Kettler, the last Master of the Livonian Order, created the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia in the Baltics and became its first Duke. Some colonial territories for the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia were acquired by its third Duke and Gotthard’s grandson Jacob Kettler.

“The first colony founded by Jacob was the New Courland (Neu-Kurland) on the Caribbean island of Tobago. However, three initial attempts to establish a settlement (in 1637, 1639 and 1642) failed. The fourth was founded in 1654, but eventually in 1659 was taken over by a competing Dutch colony, also founded on the island in 1654,” she said.

Book launch

Polish Legacies in Trinidad and Tobago is the new book which captures the historical ties between Poland and T&T.

The book was authored by retired school teacher Ian Senior.

Senior told Guardian Media on Monday it was not easy getting information on the relationship between the two countries.

“It took a lot of digging to get to what was Polish. But there were a few things of note that are in the book that was at the launch. It is difficult to find things related to Poland in T&T,” he admitted.

He referred to some of Poland’s influences in T&T, like the visit of Polish Pope John Paul II in 1985 and the fact that Poland wanted to set up a colony in Tobago.

He pointed out that before World War II there were Jews of Polish origin who came to T&T fleeing the war and tumultuous times of that era.

“Some of them made substantial inputs to T&T,” he said.

Poland economy

Poland is the eighth largest economy in the European Union.

According to the World Bank Group, it has reached high-income status over a relatively short period of time. Few middle-income countries have experienced such consistent broad-based growth, both fast and stable (on average 3.6 per cent over the past decade). This transition benefited from increases in productivity, strengthened institutions, human capital investments, and sound macroeconomic management.

Categories: News

Digicel Group welcomes Charlier to the board

Business Guardian - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 22:06

Telecoms industry veteran Jean- Yves Charlier has been appointed to the board of directors of Digicel Group, effective September 1, 2018. Charlier will replace Michael Willner who served on the board from September 2015 and will be stepping down.

In thanking Michael Willner, chairman Denis O’Brien, said; “I would like to thank Willner most sincerely for his contribution to Digicel. His deep knowledge and extensive track record in the cable industry was instrumental in steering the company’s successful entry into the cable TV and broadband markets powered by our fibre roll-out in key markets. I am very grateful to him for his partnership and would like to wish him well for the future.”

Recognised as a leading light in the telecoms industry, from 2015 to 2018, Charlier served as CEO of VEON (formerly Vimpelcom).

Prior to that, he served as chairman and chief executive of SFR and was also chief executive at Promethean World and COLT.

In welcoming Charlier to the board, Digicel Group chairman, Denis O’Brien, said: “With Jean-Yves’s extensive knowledge and experience in telecoms transformation and, as we continue on our journey to being fit for the future, I am confident that Digicel will benefit enormously from his support and insight.”

Commenting on his appointment, Charlier said: “With Digicel well advanced in its global transformation programme, it’s an exciting time to be joining the board. There are many opportunities for the organisation to take advantage of now and into the future and I am looking forward to taking the journey with the team."

Categories: News

TKR hopes the rain stays away

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 02:07

Rain has been pelting down in the tiny island of St Kitts over the past few days and even washed out the St Kitts Patriots versus St Lucia Stars match on Thursday night at Warner Park.

This is a worry for both Patriots and the Trinibago Knight Riders (TKR) as they meet in another Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL) clash at the boutique venue this evening at 6 pm.

The rain has also affected TKR’s preparation going into the match and they will be hoping to remain fresh, as they have not been in action since Sunday.

Manager Colin Borde puts the long wait in between matches into context saying: “The long break between games in this part of the tournament can work both ways. We have tried to use the time to regroup, re-energise and refocus. The back end of the tournament will be filled with very close games coming up. For the next week thus far it was important to find the right balance of rest and recovery. mixed with hard work.” Borde added that the team has been treated wonderfully well since coming to St Kitts and they have kept their preparations quiet.

He said, “Since arriving here we have kept our preparations quiet and we are building up to more rigours work as we go into the clash on the weekend. We are happy with the work done by this unit thus far and we have a really committed bunch of guys in this TKR family.”

Meanwhile, TKR more than likely will not tamper with their line-up for this match. Sunil Narine has the backing of the Trinbago Knight Riders management and players, so says Borde.

Speaking to Guardian Media Sports, the most successful manager in the CPL, Borde, gave Narine the thumbs up. Narine has opened in the six matches so far and has failed to get past 20 runs. This has caused concern among TKR fans who have been sharing their views on social media and call-in radio programmes.

However, Borde said,”Sunil has a role to play and understands his role. The captain and coaches alongside the team know that he will come good.”

TKR, who has won four of their six matches and the last three on the road, is likely to play the same team that defeated the Barbados Tridents in their last match in Barbados on Sunday night.

The bowling unit was sound in restricting the home team to 128/8 off their 20 overs and after an initial stutter that saw the Knight Riders slipped to 60/4, Brendan McCullum slapped 66 to take them home.

The Patriots defeated the TKR in their first match in Trinidad and the visitors will be looking for revenge in this encounter. Patriots were due to battle lowly St Lucia Stars last night and going into that match they have played six matches with three wins and three losses.


Trinbago Knight Riders squad
Amir Jangoo, Anderson Phillips, Brendon McCullum, Chris Lynn, Colin Munro, Darren Bravo, Denesh Ramdin,Dwayne Bravo, Hamza Tariq, Javon Searles, Shannon Gabriel, Kevon Cooper, Khary Pierre, Nikita Miller, Muhammad Ali Khan, Fawad Ahmed, Sunil Narine, Terrence Hinds.
St Kitts Patriots squad
Anton Devcich, Chris Gayle(c), Evin Lewis, Ben Cutting, Carlos Brathwaite, Mahmudullah, Tom Cooper, Sheldon Cottrell, Brandon King, Devon Thomas, Fabian Allen, Shamarh Brooks, Jeremiah Louis, Alzarri Joseph, Ibrahim Khaleel, Javelle Glen, Hayden Walsh.

Categories: News

Soca Princesses’ defence falls apart

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 02:03

Jamaica’s Khadija Shaw scored a late double to help sink T&T 4-1 in the Caribbean Football Union (CFU) Final Round Qualifiers to the CONCACAF Final Round of World Cup qualifiers in Jamaica, yesterday.

In the top of the table clash at Independence Park (National Stadium) in Kingston, T&T striker Kayla Taylor scored the opening goal in the tenth minute. This was just after the substitution of midfielder Tasha St Louis in the seventh minute. She was replaced by defender Liana Hinds.

The score remained the same at half-time, 1-0, in favour of the “Women Warriors” as they hoped to maintain their unbeaten senior record.

On the resumption, Jamaica coach Hue Menzies made an early substitution, replacing Deneisha Blackwood with Jody Brown in the 46th minute.

Coach Anton Corneal also changed his second-half line-up eight minutes later, opting for Rhea Belgrave, in for defender Jenelle Cunningham.

Menzies made another change in the 64th minute bringing in Giselle Washington for midfielder Christina Chang which paid dividends for the “Reggae Girls” within minutes. Washington levelled the score, 1-1, in the 70th minute.

The Jamaicans continued attacking and were rewarded with their second goal in the 79th minute from Shaw, who returned ten minutes later to put her team up 3-1.

Jamaica never looked back and it was Brown, another substitute, who put the icing on the cake for the host team with a goal in the 92nd minute, to stay unbeaten with nine points from three matches.

Meanwhile, T&T suffered its first loss and dropped to the third spot with six points behind Cuba, which has a better goal difference, with both teams having one match outstanding.

The tournament concludes tomorrow with T&T meeting fourth-placed Bermuda, which is on three points from three matches, at 4 pm and Jamaica takes on Cuba from 7 pm, at the end of which the top three teams will qualify to the final phase of CONCACAF Women’s World Cup qualification.

Earlier, Bermuda whipped winless Antigua and Barbuda, 5-0 to get its first win of the tournament. Deshae Darrell netted a pair of goals for the winner in the 76th minute and penalty in the 81st minute while her teammates, midfielder Akelyla Furbet (13th), forward Nia Christopher (43rd) and defender Teyah Lindo (87th) scored a goal each.


Teams P W D L F A Pts
Jamaica 3 3 0 0 17 1 9
Cuba 3 2 0 1 11 3 6
T&T 3 2 0 1 9 6 6
Bermuda 3 1 0 2 0 6 3
Antigua & Barbuda 4 0 0 4 0 26 0

Categories: News

Clarke, Rodriguez score two goals each

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 02:01

Kelon Clarke and Tequan Rodriguez banged in two goals each to lead Pitchment FC past #9 United 7-2 in their Southern Football Association Executive Cup quarterfinal on Sunday last at La Brea Recreation Ground.

The trio of Omri Baird, Akim Meade and Ronaldo La Borde were also on target for Pitchment FC to set up a semifinal showdown with Fire Service, while got #9 United FC replies.

Fire Service also booked its final four spots in comfortable fashion via a 5-2 whipping of Diamond United at Gasparillo led by a double from Lyndon Luke.

Joshua Garcia, Kevon Cumberbatch and Steven Ashby also netted one each for Fire Service while

Kwesi Cooper and Ian Saunders were on target for Diamond United in the loss

The other semifinal will feature Siparia Strikers and Princes Town Falcons.

This after Strikers won by default from Marabella Family Crisis Centre, and Falcons defeated Moruga FC 4-1 on penalty kicks after both teams battled to a 2-2 draw at Cedar Hill.

Meanwhile, second round matches in Group A and Group B of the SFA League will commence this weekend.


Siparia Strikers 3 vs Marabella Family Crisis Centre 0 - by default
• Princes Town Falcons 2 (Kiddel Lewis, Andy London) vs Moruga FC 2 - Falcons won 4-1 on penalty-kicks
• Pitchment FC 7 (Kelon Clarke 2, Tequan Rodriguez 2, Omri Baird, Akim Meade, Ronaldo La Borde) vs #9 United FC 2 (Mickhel Charles, Jovon John)
• Fire Service FC 5 (Lyndon Luke 2, Joshua Garcia, Kevon Cumberbatch, Steven Ashby) vs Diamond United 2 (Kwesi Cooper, Ian Saunders)


• Princes Town S.A vs Marabella Family CC, Cedar Hill, 4 pm
• Lions Heart vs Moruga FC, Gasparillo, 6 pm
• Pitchment FC vs Siparia Angels, La Brea, 6 pm
• Penal All Stars vs #9 United FC, Latchos Road, Penal, 4 pm
• Diamond United vs Siparia Strikers, Diamond Recreation Ground, 6 pm


Group A
Teams P W D L GF GA Pts
1. Moruga FC 4 3 1 0 17 2 10
2. Princes Town Falcons 3 2 1 0 6 2 7
3. Fire Service 3 1 0 2 8 9 3
4. Lions Heart 4 1 0 3 3 12 3
5. Marabella Family 4 1 0 3 7 18 3
Group B
1. Penal All Stars 5 3 1 1 10 11 10
2. #9 United 4 2 2 0 18 7 8
3. Pitchment FC 3 2 0 1 15 8 6
4. Siparia Angels 5 2 0 3 8 16 6
5. Siparia Strikers 4 1 1 2 7 7 4
6. Diamond United 3 0 0 3 0 9 0

Categories: News

T&T Senior Men to face Thailand on October 14

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:58

The T&T Football Association has secured another International Friendly match for the Men’s National Senior Team that falls within an upcoming FIFA window. This time, the Senior Team will travel to Bangkok to face Thailand’s National Senior Team on October 14th, 2018.

This fixture follows the September 6th International Friendly contest against the United Arab Emirates in Girona, Spain.

TTFA President David John-Williams spoke on the latest booking, saying it was another worthwhile encounter for this country.

“It is very important that the TTFA maintains playing in the FIFA International Windows for it National Senior Team. Despite the trying times, we have been able to negotiate friendly internationals. The upcoming

Thailand game in October gives us the opportunity to play in the far east and we all know that the Asian-Thailand-Chinese market is a growing market so it’s a tremendous opportunity to stamp our name outside there and have some sort of recognition in playing these teams,” John-Williams told TTFA Media.

“Coach Dennis Lawrence I know is excited about that upcoming friendly. It’s a long journey but I think it’s worth the while,” he added.

Head Coach Dennis Lawrence said the fixture falls in line with his preparations for the Senior Team ahead of next year’s CONCACAF Nations League and Gold Cup campaign.

“I’m delighted with the Thailand fixture as I think it gives us another opportunity to test ourselves against a different type of opposition. I think it will be good for the boys and for the team. It also is on track with what we are trying to do in terms of our planning and preparation in terms of how we want to go about getting ready as best as possible for future events. We have now planned our fixture for October and we are already working on the November one,” Lawrence said.

“I’m looking forward to the fixture but I think before we get to the Thailand one, the most important thing is to travel to Spain, get there safely and go in and put in a performance, a performance that will hopefully give us a winning result against the UAE because we need to now step up our preparation and I’m looking forward to both fixtures,” Lawrence stated.

Both countries have met once before with Thailand winning 3-2 in a play in a friendly way in Bangkok in 2003.

Thailand is coming off a 2-0 loss to China in June and will face Hong Kong in a friendly three days before meeting this country. They are preparing for Asian Football Federation (AFF) Cup matches in November.

Categories: News

Commanding Fashion catches Independence Cup

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:57

Champion owner Shivam Maharaj made it two from two when his 4/1 shot Commanding Fashion upstaged his vaunted stable-mate and favourite Stockyard in the feature Grade One - Independence Cup over 1,800 metres on the good turf track at Santa Rosa Park, Arima yesterday. Before the start of the day’s main event, Stockyard, the 3-5 favourite ridden by Wilmwer Galviz had to be re-shod causing a twenty-minute delay to the start of the feature.

Commanding Fashion was given a peach of a ride by Yosenyer Serrano to take the first prize cheque of $90,000 after he recorded 3/4 - length win with Stockyard 3 1/4 lengths adrift in third.

Commanding Fashion was always in the leading trio which was headed by second favourite Howesweetitis and Magical Victory. However, champion trainer O’Brien must have been confident that the Great Friends Stables could prevail as he was travelling best with 600 metres to race.

However, when the horses swung for home Howsweetitis still held sway against the rail from Commanding Fashion as Magical Victory hoisted the white flag Stockyard moving into third spot and Buffalo Soldier anxious for the race to end.

The holiday crowd voiced their approval as Howsweetitis and Commanding Fashion settled to fight it out in the last 300 metres and fought they did. This time Serrano aboard Commanding Fashion like his mount would not accept defeat and dug in, battling all the way to line to deprived Howsweetitis of his unbeaten record on the turf course and the Independence Cup.

Stockyard rallied to get third with Buffalo Soldier finishing fourth. The time was a good 1:53.44.

An elated Walter Debysing stated that this was his first Independence Cup winner.

He said, “Commanding Fashion was training well and he has settled down quite well in the past months. Today he showed that he has class and ran a great race. Stockyard was unlucky as he lost a shoe in the event. It was not his day.

Owner Maharaj stated that he was confident that this horse could win. He has settled down and he is the full brother to Pavel which is a top Graded Thoroughbred in the United States and a favourite for one of the Breeders Cup events this year. He should not even be in Trinidad and Tobago and we have him here.’

In the co-feature Oak Stakes, Streaking Far the 2-5 favourite did just that. She streak clear at the top of the straight when Ricky Jadoo gave her the office and strolled home an impressive 4 length winner of the top event.

River Secret which was covering her every move as she tracked the pace set by Dancin Peputy and Princess Sophia. Once Jadoo said to go on Streaking Far, the only question was how far.

The Glenn Mendez trained. Laurence Bermont owned filly must be respected in the Derby. River Secret was second and she was 13 1/4 length ahead of the third horse Princess Sophia with Dancin Deputy in fourth.

Training honour for the day went to Walter Debysingh who saddled three winners on the nine-race programme.

Riding Honours for the day were shared between Wilmer Galviz and Yosenyer Serrano whom both rode two winners each.

Categories: News

Calypso Girls a win away from World Cup qualifying

Sports - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:54

T&T is one win away from booking a spot in next year’s Netball World Cup.

Yesterday, the “Calypso Girls” celebrated this country’s 56th Independence Day with another convincing win at the Americas Federation of Netball Associations (AFNA) Qualifiers, this time over Argentina, 112-12, at the Sir Garfield Sobers Gymnasium in Barbados.

The senior national netball team claimed its fifth straight victory in the eight-nation competition and a win today over St Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) will ensure a spot in Liverpool, England, while success against the host country Barbados tomorrow, will see T&T repeat as the AFNA champion.

The top two placed teams will advance to the World Cup and as it stands it is T&T and Barbados currently occupying those positions.

The local unit never strayed from its strategy, which is to score as many goals as they can while preventing as many goals as possible down on the defensive end. Opening defenders, Shaquanda Greene, the goal-keeper, and goal-defence Kemba Duncan stuck to that plan keeping Argentina shooters at bay, early on.

The defensive pair only allowed three goals in the first quarter as goal-shooter Samantha Wallace was again flawless with 19 off of many tries and goal-attack Kalifa McCollin connected the other 11 goals from 12 tries while effectively feeding her shooter, to have T&T far ahead, 30-3 at the end of the first 15 minutes.

Wing-defence Onella Jack-Hill was her useful self-intercepting balls and with a solid centre-court enforced by captain Rhonda John-Davis at wing-attack and centre Candice Guerero, who effectively got the ball briskly down the court to their shooters.

In the second quarter, coach Wesley “Pepe” Gomes opted to rest Wallace, replacing her with former captain Joelisa Cooper, who continued where she left off with a 100 per cent shooting accuracy, hitting each of her 23 attempts in that stanza, while Greene and Duncan again only allowed three goals in the period, to have T&T ahead, 63-6 at the halfway mark.

On the resumption, Gomes, who is being assisted by Grace Parkinson-Griffith, made more changes in the shooting circle, partnering Cooper (35/36) with youngster Tahirah Hollingsworth (20/24) as the goal-attack, in for McCollin (21/22). So too in the centre-court, bringing in quicker legs in the Seemungal sisters Shernece (centre) and Shantel (wing-attack).

Down the other end, Daystar Swift took over the goal-keeper position while Greene was shifted to goal-defence and coincidentally, they too only allowed three goals as T&T forged further ahead 83-9, going into the fourth quarter.

Wallace returned in that final period and didn’t miss a beat despite sitting out two quarters. She functioned well with Hollingsworth, who remained as the goal-attack, as T&T boosted its tally of goals. Wallace ended with a leading 36 of 39.

Utility player Guerero came in as the goal-defence and again the defensive unit was able to hold the Argentinians to three goals once again in the quarter, to see T&T to the 100-goal-victory.


Pos Team P W L GF GA GD Pts
1 T&T 5 5 0 406 110 296 10
2 Barbados 4 4 0 350 81 269 8
3 Grenada 5 4 1 340 230 110 8
4 SVG 4 2 2 227 187 40 4
5 USA 5 1 4 218 292 -74 2
6 Canada 4 1 3 148 252 -104 2
7 St Maarten 4 1 3 83 315 -232 2
8 Argentina 5 0 5 79 384 -305 0

Categories: News

Lakshmi—the see through college

Columnists - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:48

The Lakshmi Girls’ Hindu College, situated on the Eastern Main Road in St Augustine, at the northern entrance to the University of the West Indies, is unique, not only because it is the first Hindu college to be established in Trinidad, but also because of its history of failure and success.

Mrs Sonia Mahase-Persad, principal of Lakshmi Girls’ Hindu College, has written of this college:

“We share a great sense of pride in the astounding journey of success and achievements of the Lakshmi Girls’ Hindu College since its inception in January 1964. Today, I have the honour to be at the helm of this noble institution and to continue to build on the foundation laid by administrators, staff, students and parents over the last five decades.

“Lakshmi is unique in the educational landscape since it was not only the first Hindu secondary school run by the Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha Board of Education; it was also the first all-girls Hindu college in the country. In 1964, when few Hindu girls accessed education as a result of various societal and cultural challenges, it was a visionary move to establish a secondary school of this nature.

“This institution has fulfilled an important role in providing a first-class education for thousands of young ladies who have gone on to make a meaningful contribution in all spheres and professions. Lakshmi girls can be found in the legal fraternity, medicine, engineering, education, journalism and other areas of higher learning.

“Over the years, the school has grown structurally and expanded its curricular offerings. The staff and student population have grown significantly and we have enjoyed outstanding academic success as can be seen in the numerous scholarships. Three consecutive President’s Medal winners plus we continue to receive regional awards and accolades.

“Indeed, we have progressed from the days of the “See Through College” (no doors and windows). In spite of its many challenges, it is fondly remembered by both staff and students. To all these pioneers we owe a debt of gratitude.”

Mrs Sharda Maharaj-Ramjattan, Vice Principal and recently promoted Principal of Parvati Girls’ Hindu College in Debe, South Trinidad, has also recorded her impressions of this unique educational institution:

“Change has brought our schools under scrutiny, whereby we must now cater to deliver a curriculum aligned to the changing external environment as well as harness the talents and varied abilities of our students.

“At Lakshmi Girls’ Hindu College, we are cognizant of the many changes taking place in our society and we are committed to adapting to best practices. We utilise the education system as a powerful mechanism to provide educational opportunities that will help students develop their fullest potential.

“Today, we live in a world of technological advancements where paper and pen have been replaced by Ipads, laptops, notebooks. Our children communicate by snapshots, tweets, texts and an evolving set of acronyms suited to their generation. Teachers have now been challenged to create new classrooms and adjust their pedagogical approach.

“Their traditional blackboard and chalk classrooms have now been replaced by technologically driven classrooms. New classroom initiatives emphasizing a child-centered approach, such as the flipped classroom concept, STEM and STEAM initiatives have been recognised as the way forward.

“At Lakshmi Girls’ we constantly seek ways to keep abreast of the many changes in the education system, society and our students. We acknowledge that despite the many advances in the economy and society, we still receive many students who are unable to fully utilize the opportunities afforded them because of being affected by social issues.

“We believe that every student is a valued member of our school community and we endorse a pastoral approach where interventions are put in place to assist and empower these students. We practice an inclusive approach to education ensuring that every student is given the best opportunity to develop to her fullest potential.

“At Lakshmi Girls’ we have created a climate hospitable to education in order that respect, safety, a cooperative spirit and other foundations of fruitful interactions will prevail. This is only possible because our belief in God and our commitment to strong Hindu beliefs and values.

“We must also recognise that developing the intellectual capabilities of our students is only part of the journey. If we are to truly improve our society, then we need to produce citizens who can positively reconstruct the decaying moral and social fabric of this country.

Categories: News

Independent of Petrotrin refinery—fallout

Columnists - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:44

Dark clouds over Port-of- Spain’s Independence celebrations yesterday belied the traditional bright August 31 weatherpattern.

People lined Tragarete Road’s parade route admiring marching uniformed corps. By 11.30 am, showers descended—and further South, lay much darker skies.

Understandably. It would have been a melancholy holiday for those to be affected by Government’s plan to render Petrotrin, independent of refinery by October.

The Rowley PNM administration’s latest target for change—affecting 1700 of Petrotrin’s 5,000 workers— will create as much history as the Manning PNM’s 2003 closure of Caroni (1975) Ltd.

The latter holds bitter memories for some ex-workers still awaiting settlements; and those who believe Caroni could have launched T&T’s diversification, had intuition, interest and initiative been forthcoming That Government’s decided to “bite the bullet” on such an emotive issue as closing Petrotrin’s refinery, especially at mid term—despite unpopularity— takes political fortitude.

Government had a limited timeline by which to deal with Petrotrin, considering fallout and upcoming elections.

Whether public backlash will detract from projected benefit remains to unfold. Bitterness of the Oilfield Workers Trade Union (OWTU) on the issue was never more evident than in its leadership’s sarcastic “Old man…” remark pelted at Government on Tuesday.

Nor was it unexpected OWTU jefe Ancel Roget would vow to ensure Government closes its job if workers lose theirs.

The situation would be galling to OWTU which supported PNM’s thrust against the PP administration and signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the PNM. The situation stands to shake T&T’s largest, most powerful union, not only financially, but regarding image and credibility—particularly Roget’s.

Ripple effects will trickle to the rest of the labour sector, hence swift solidarity.

PNM’s 2015 election manifesto and 2016 Budget didn’t mention Petrotrin.

But after effects of the oil price drop, the 2017 and 2018 Budgets sounded the alarm, particularly on company debt and loans of (US) $850m and (US) $750m, due next year and in 2022. Completion of the Lashley team’s review was ominously swift.

Though Government kept distance from the development—allowing Petrotrin’s Board to drop the blow—blistering reaction caused enough heat for adjustment.

Energy Minister Franklin Khan had to weigh in on the matter rather than having the public wait until Prime Minister Keith Rowley’s discourse tomorrow. Obvious misjudgement of a sensitive issue which can’t be contained because of the expanse of factors involved.

Khan, conceding effect on 3,000/2,500 families, spun the situation as potential to create opportunities for workers, as he claimed occurred in Central with Caroni’s closure.

T&T’s economy was however, different in 2003. Dollar value’s depreciated. What may have been possible then, may not be now, in the stagnated landscape where funds are guarded against becoming prey to high prices, more taxes or crime.

With collateral damage extending to supply companies, how far economic ripple effects reach, depends on how those affected reorganise/ re-tool and handle reserves/ assets. Government signals that the $1b-plus needed for workers’ termination benefits, may be borrowed— and taxpayers ultimately have to fund this—raises concerns on long term effect, and what repayment may require.

Transitioning to Petrotrin’s future fuel terminalling facility is still incomplete since Government hasn’t decided on fuel source.

The blow to workers in Opposition held areas—is however also a political boon to the UNC, now with a significant platform for battle.

Particularly since PNM held areas— La Brea, Point Fortin—would maintain Exploration/Production work.

Yesterday Opposition Leader Kamla Persad-Bissessar extended public outreach attending several Independence events. UNC hold a planning retreat Tuesday on Parliament resumption and performance after three years in Opposition.

Government’s Petrotrin decision, pouring oil on assorted troubled waters locally, will feature in assessment of its performance on Friday’s third anniversary also. Rowley’s address will therefore have to offer more than figures on Petrotrin’s failures, “opportunity” spin or patriotism platitudes.

OWTU may not have intended Friday’s Rest/Reflection timeout with a message beyond critiquing Government performance, but the message will likely be stronger following refinery closure plans.

For Marabella residents’ lifetime alongside Petrotrin’s landmark “Cat” (Catalytic) Cracker, when its flame goes out in October, South’s skyline will be that much darker.

Categories: News

Company claims union intimidation

News - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:38

Even in the face of an injunction from the High Court, protests continued outside Lennox Petroleum Services (LPS) in San Fernando on Thursday as former workers led by the Oilfields Workers’ Trade Union demanded some $30 million in backpay owed to them since 2015.

The workers set up a large banner outside the company’s headquarters at Princess Margaret Street promising to take legal action against the company.

However, LPS managing director Wayne Persad claimed company officials were being threatened by protesters and they had no choice but to file an injunction preventing the OWTU from entering their premises.

In a statement, Persad said the company does not employ 250 workers but had only 25 staff members. Accusing the OWTU of trespassing on its compound and assaulting a security guard, Persad said, “On August 29, the OWTU forcibly entered the compound and assaulted by beating, a security officer. The members of the OWTU, who were about 40 members strong, then proceeded to search the compound, shouting the Chief Executive Officer’s name, and asking him to come out.

Consistent with our company’s emergency policies and procedures, the police were notified of the intrusion and responded within minutes.”

Saying the actions of the OWTU’s members were “criminal in nature and amounted to trespass,” Persad said the company had since filed an injunction in the High Court to prevent any further acts of trespassing as the OWTU have threatened to continue their action.

“The acts of the OWTU were extremely unwarranted and were designed to intimidate our company’s management and staff,” Persad said.

He said on Monday it received correspondence from the OWTU that the dispute over backpay was forwarded to the Ministry of Labour and a meeting is scheduled for September 11.

Noting that the company’s founder, Pamela Persad, passed away on August 18, he said the company was in transition and the union had exploited the company’s present vulnerabilities. He also said none of the 25 staff members were OWTU members and none of the protesters were company employees.

“Therefore, it is not correct to say that the OWTU protested in solidarity with our company’s workers and none of the said protesters were authorised to be on our company’s compound. Since the protest, members of our management and staff have received numerous threatening phone calls and text messages. Our company wishes to advise that it shall take every possible measure to ensure the safety of our management and staff, and will be prosecuting every person who threatens the safety of our employees to the fullest extent of the law,” Persad added.

He also said his company was the only labour service provider in T&T with a settled Collective Bargaining Agreement for the period 2018-2020 and is presently without a labour service contract. He said his company has also not withheld any legitimate payment which is due to any worker.

OWTU’s Chief labour relations officer Lyndon Mendoza and president general Ancel Roget could not be reached for comment.

Categories: News

‘We fiddled while Rome burned’

Business - Sat, 09/01/2018 - 01:36

Government is reported to have told the Petrotrin board it could not finance the US$850 million debt to bond holders and gave the company the green light to proceed with the option to shut down the refinery and send home workers.

Well-placed sources told the T&T Guardian that in separate meetings, board chairman Wilfred Espinet made presentations to the upper management and supervisory staff and the unions representing Petrotrin workers detailing the financial state the company had found itself in and the need for hard decisions to be taken.

Espinet is reported to have told the meetings that bankers had told the company in no uncertain terms that they could not give the company working capital because of uncertainty about the company’s ability to repay the US$850m bond.

While there was a view that Government would pay the bond, Espinet is reported to have said the Government told him they could not afford to pay it, telling him that they had just sold shares in the National Investment Fund (NIF) to get money to fund health care and other things.

It was in a scenario where things looked financially hopeless that Espinet is said to have indicated hard decisions had to be taken. He is reported to have said that there was no “joy” in the decision, which was a “heavy burden to bear,” but he said having gone through the financials of the state oil company and having received advice they had no other option.

Petrotrin insiders told the T&T Guardian that Espinet told the unions and management that although the company had been on a downhill financial slide for years, “everybody continued to fiddle while Rome burnt” and that despite significant losses it was business as usual with “increases in salaries and benefits.”

With no money being put back into the system, Espinet is reported to have said that it dug a hole into the balance sheet of the company, “so that the balance sheet is almost insolvent.”

Espinet said top officials of the company who were in a position to know and understand the state of the company operated as though nothing was wrong.

“Our cash flows were tightening, but treasury got into all kinds of fancy footwork of selling cargo long before it was delivered so we could finance the operation,” Espinet reportedly told stakeholders.

At one point shortly after the board came into office, staffers were told the management proposed a budget of TT$16 billion for capital expenditure. Describing what was happening as “crazy” and “unreal”, Espinet said there were proposals to pay hundreds of millions of dollars to lawyers as though they did not see “there will be an impact somewhere.”

In addition, Espinet said skill sets in the organisation had become “distorted” over time because of questionable hiring practices.

International experts who were brought in to assist the board in finding ways to make the company viable advised of the need for significant change in the way things were being done.

An analysis over the next five years was done utilising three options. Details of the options were revealed to the unions, management and Government in separate presentations made by Espinet.

The T&T Guardian obtained copies of the options.

The first was to continue operating as is as an integrated company, with no additional investments and no exits of the company’s 3,400 permanent employees.

But according to the figures, if things stayed as was, the Refinery and Marketing (R&M) was estimated to lose TT$6.8 billion and Exploration and Production’s loss was estimated at TT$400 million, for a total loss of TT$7.2 billion.

If that option were utilised, at the current debt level and because of the amount of money being lost stakeholders were told the company would need to find TT$25 billion, which Espinet said was just under half of the national budget.

Because the company could not afford any more loans, Espinet is reported to have said they would literally have needed to find a Godfather who did not want any return on their investment.

Option 2, titled ‘Improve Financial Performance,’ forecast a headcount loss of 1,500 employees and a requirement for TT$20 billion in investment. But according to the figures presented, it forecast a net loss of TT$4.1B, an E&P contribution of TT$4.7B and a loss in R&M of TT$8.8B. Espinet said if this option was utilised losses in R&M would continue to offset gains made in E&P.

Declaring that the refinery was the problem, he said people who thought otherwise were just “digging their head in the sand.” It was determined that the refinery needed to go. He is reported to have said, “Unless somebody has a magic wand and find the TT$20B we talking about and to find a way for the refinery to make money, we have no option but to deal with the problem.”

The third option, titled ‘Transform Financial Performance of Organisation’, showed that without the refinery, E&P would be a stand-alone company with the ability to cover the company’s debt with a requirement for TT$8B in bridge financing for the first two years. The refinery would be replaced by a terminalling stand-alone company and the exit out of the refinery operations, according to the presentation, would be TT$2B to be borne by the legacy company.

Under this option, a total of 2,400 of the company’s workforce would be sent home, 1,700 from upstream with 45 per cent or 800 of those workers to be rehired. Another 1,700 would be sent home from the refinery operations with the plan being to rehire ten per cent or roughly 200 members of the workforce.

Espinet is reported to have said that this option would pave the way for “a real company that does real work and give people real jobs.”

It was this option which the Government gave the board “the authority to proceed with.”

Questions have been asked about how the board could be painting such a gloomy financial picture when for the first quarter ending in June this year an after-tax profit of $85.6m was recorded.

In response to this, Espinet told the staff that in the three-month period the company had “an increase in inventories that made a major contribution and a few other anomalies,” but he said that should not be “confused” with what was happening every month when the company was losing.

“The balance sheet gets further depletions when you lose money every month,” Espinet said.

Categories: News

ANSA McAL Foundation donates $465,000 to nine recipients

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:40

The ANSA McAL Foundation presented grants to nine organisations and individuals totalling $465,000 on Thursday.

Among the recipients were Sr Marie Thérèse Rétout, of the Holy Name Convent, the John E Sabga Foundation, the Friends of the Botanic Gardens, Althea Montano, a member of the Guardian Media staff whose son was accepted to medical school in Canada, the Writing Intervention, Vitas House, the Rotary Club of Central Port-of-Spain, SEWA International TT and Bishop’s High School, Tobago.

The grants will be used for a variety of purposes. They include the creation of a pancreatic cancer awareness and research facility in T&T, support for the Vitas House, the commissioning of histories of the Dominican Sisters and the Botanic Gardens, environmental projects such as plastic recycling, creating a writing programme to assist young people, and the creation of a model United Nations assembly to foster greater awareness in young people.

This is the second time for the year that grants have been awarded by the ANSA McAL Foundation, which is supported by the ANSA McAL Group of Companies.

Here the recipients are photographed with ANSA McAL Foundation members Maria Superville Neilson, Linda Hadeed, Fr John Mendes, Diana Mahabir-Wyatt and Ravindranath (Ravi Ji) Maharaj.

Categories: News

Ramleela Council seeks $3m for events

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:37

The National Ramleela Council is seeking $3 million to run this year’s celebration.

This was announced by Kamalwattie Ramsubeik, the head of the National Ramleela Council of T&T (NRCTT) at the launch of Ramleela celebrations on Thursday at Saith Park, Chaguanas.

Ramsubeik suggested that State funds be distributed by the National Ramleela Council to ensure fair and equitable distribution. She said last year some groups got as little as $3,000 while production costs for the 10-day event can exceed $400,000.

She said last year the Ministry of Culture distributed $200,000 in cheques. Ramsubeik said the NRCTT is seeking an urgent meeting with the Ministry of Culture to discuss the issue of the distribution of funds.

Ramleela celebrations are set to begin in October and the NRCTT represents around 35 Ramleela groups in T&T.

Ramsubeik said groups now have to pay for additional security to prevent vehicular thefts and break-ins. She said vandalism is another problem since some people destroyed props at outdoor savannah venues.

She said despite high criminal activity Ramleela attracts thousands of people.

“Some groups have an audience of 10-15 thousand people. We will total like over 300,000, 400,000 in total for all the groups in the council.”

Chaguanas Mayor Gopaul Boodhan, who spoke at the launch, said Ramleela can do well to inculcate positive social values into youths and the wider community once the message is spread.

Boodhan also warned citizens to guard against the “Rawans or demons” that plagued T&T. He said, “The Rawans continue to inflict and pains and suffering on the people. We must rid society of all the evils and Rawans that continue to plague us.”

Categories: News

PNM membership to fund new Balisier House—Rohan

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:35

The new Balisier House, costing between $12.5 million and $25 million, will be funded strictly by fund-raising efforts within People’s National Movement (PNM) constituencies.

One of the deputy political leaders yesterday pegged the cost for the new five-storey structure between $500 and $1,000 per square foot. The building is expected to be 25,000 square foot when completed.

Rohan Sinanan, the Works and Transport Minister, said that despite the negative comments and questions about where the party would get the money to start the work, the PNM had been raising funds for the past two years for this project.

“We have been having fund-raising activities, like boat cruises and other efforts, for the past two years for this project,” Sinanan said.

“I am confident that the membership will be able to completely fund this new building because of what Balisier House means to the people of the PNM,” he said.

“Fund-raising efforts will continue until the building is complete,” he said.

The sod was turned on the multi-million dollar PNM headquarters during a free cooler fete at the Balisier House compound on Thursday.

Both Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley and party chairman, Energy Minister Franklin Khan turned the ceremonial sod, a layer of sand in a red box, to mark the start of the project.

One of the highlights of the fete was the first three-car give-away of a 10-car raffle, proceeds from which go toward the construction of the new building.

The structure, according to information provided at the event, is expected to be five storeys high and accommodate basement parking. The existing, historical Balisier House will be refurbished and kept as a museum and library dedicated to all things PNM.

The construction was given a two-year time frame for completion.

The ten car giveaway includes nine Honda City CNG vehicles and a grand prize of a BMW sedan.

Categories: News

Galleons Passage on sea trial today

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:19

The Galleons Passage will make its first sea trial at 6 am today from the Port of Port-of-Spain to Tobago.

The vessel is expected to service the seabridge from next week.

Confirmation came yesterday from Works and Transport Minister Rohan Sinanan.

He spoke to Guardian Media after making a toast to the nation with dignitaries at the National Academy for the Performing Arts, Port-of-Spain, to celebrate the country’s 56th Independence anniversary.

Asked when the vessel will have it first sea trial, Sinanan replied, “Tomorrow. I can’t confirm the time because I am now going to the Port Authority to get that information.” Sinanan said everything has been set for the sea trial.

Pressed further as to when the boat will begin to service the seabridge, Sinanan said, “by next week.”

Yesterday, Port Authority of T&T (Patt) chairman Lyle Alexander said he was one of several people invited on the sea trial.


“As an invited guest I am told that we are leaving at 6 in the morning. I will be going.”Alexander could not say who were the other invited guests. The vessel is expected to dock at Scarborough, Tobago.

Alexander said they are expected to return to Trinidad the same day.

Questioned how many sea trials the vessel will have to undergo before being put into service, Alexander said, “the strict answer to that is as many as are required.”

He said the vessel has to go through a number of sea trials to be certified.

On July 16, the boat arrived in our shores after a four-month journey from China.

The vessel remained berthed at the Port of Port-of-Spain for a month before taken to Staubles Bay, in Chaguaramas three weeks ago.

During a Conversation with the Prime Minister in Tobago last month, Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley told Tobagonians they should not expect a fast ride with the boat. The vessel is expected to make a one-way journey between Port-of-Spain and Scarborough in excess of four hours.

The Galleons Passage is a single hull boat that travelled at a top speed of 22 knots.

Giving an update on the Cabo Star, Vilma Lewis-Cockburn, acting CEO of Patt said the vessel will go on dry dock from September 20 to 30. “The Cabo Star will sail until the 19 September.”

She said as an interim measure, the T&T Spirit will transport light trucks while the Cabo Star is out of service.

Categories: News

50 blood samples test negative for malaria

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:18

Fifty blood samples taken from Cedros residents have been diagnosed as negative for malaria but councillor Shankar Teelucksingh says testing must continue.

In an interview yesterday, Teelucksingh called on the government to continue testing at the Cedros port and around schools in the southwestern peninsula, before the start of the new school term, which opens on Monday.

“We need the Government to set up a mobile unit at the port equipped with body temperature scanners so if a foreigner comes in with signs of a fever, immediate testing can be done,” Teelucksingh said.

He added that there have been two confirmed cases of malaria in Cedros, adding that hundreds of Venezuelans were infected by malaria, cholera and other ailments because of the social and economic crisis in that country.

“What they are doing is the basic perifocal work. I am satisfied with this because such work will assist in preventing any possible outbreak and what checks and balances are they putting for the illegal Venezuelans coming across? Why hasn’t a mobile unit been set up to deal with incoming foreigners?” Teelucksingh asked. He also called on the Ministry to set up a system whereby patients are monitored at private doctor’s offices.

“I also want testing to be done around the Icacos Government School, Fullarton Primary School, Cedros Government Primary, and Cedros Composite,” Teelucksingh said, in a telephone interview with Guardian Media yesterday.

In a statement yesterday, the Ministry said the Insect Vector Control Division (IVCD) took 50 blood samples for malaria, all of which tested negative for malaria. The Ministry said on Monday, 11 people were tested and on Tuesday, 39 tests were done.

The Ministry said the IVCD will continue its routine activities for the surveillance and control of mosquito-borne diseases in targeted areas throughout T&T by treating homes and continuing surveillance and testing.

“Field Officers of the IVCD will inspect and treat homes and communities where mosquito breeding is suspected. This treatment includes the use of thermal fogging for adult forms of the mosquito, use of Aquatain for killing mosquito larvae and pupae in water containers and use of Bactivec to kill mosquito larvae in waterways and water containers. Aquatain and Bactivec are agents approved by the World Health Organization for use and are safe for humans and the environment when appropriately applied,” the Ministry said.

Categories: News

Galleons Passage on sea trial today

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:16

The Galleons Passage will make its first sea trial at 6 am today from the Port of Port-of-Spain to Tobago.

The vessel is expected to service the seabridge from next week.

Confirmation came yesterday from Works and Transport Minister Rohan Sinanan.

He spoke to Guardian Media after making a toast to the nation with dignitaries at the National Academy for the Performing Arts, Port-of-Spain, to celebrate the country’s 56th Independence anniversary.

Asked when the vessel will have it first sea trial, Sinanan replied, “Tomorrow. I can’t confirm the time because I am now going to the Port Authority to get that information.” Sinanan said everything has been set for the sea trial.

Pressed further as to when the boat will begin to service the seabridge, Sinanan said, “by next week.”

Yesterday, Port Authority of T&T (Patt) chairman Lyle Alexander said he was one of several people invited on the sea trial.


“As an invited guest I am told that we are leaving at 6 in the morning. I will be going.”Alexander could not say who were the other invited guests. The vessel is expected to dock at Scarborough, Tobago.

Alexander said they are expected to return to Trinidad the same day.

Questioned how many sea trials the vessel will have to undergo before being put into service, Alexander said, “the strict answer to that is as many as are required.”

He said the vessel has to go through a number of sea trials to be certified.

On July 16, the boat arrived in our shores after a four-month journey from China.

The vessel remained berthed at the Port of Port-of-Spain for a month before taken to Staubles Bay, in Chaguaramas three weeks ago.

During a Conversation with the Prime Minister in Tobago last month, Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley told Tobagonians they should not expect a fast ride with the boat. The vessel is expected to make a one-way journey between Port-of-Spain and Scarborough in excess of four hours.

The Galleons Passage is a single hull boat that travelled at a top speed of 22 knots.

Giving an update on the Cabo Star, Vilma Lewis-Cockburn, acting CEO of Patt said the vessel will go on dry dock from September 20 to 30. “The Cabo Star will sail until the 19 September.”

She said as an interim measure, the T&T Spirit will transport light trucks while the Cabo Star is out of service.

Categories: News

Man gunned down in La Horquetta

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:14

A 26-year-old man from La Horquetta was found dead in the yard of a resident’s home yesterday.

Police said the man was shot multiple times.

According to a police report, at about 12.45 pm officers of the La Horquetta Crime Patrol Unit were on patrol when they were called to the murder scene.

The officers, PCs Baptiste and Ward, went to a house at Phase 5 where they found the body of Sherwin De Souze lying on the ground outside the house. De Souze, police said, lived at Phase 5.

Police are yet to determine a motive for the killing.

That murder has brought the murder toll to 365 for the year thus far.

Investigations are continuing.

Categories: News

Griffith: One year to turn around TTPS

News - Fri, 08/31/2018 - 23:09

Commissioner of Police Gary Griffith said yesterday that in one-year’s time the Police Service will be more efficient and effective.

And President Paula-Mae Weekes said she intends to hold him to the deadline.

Griffith was speaking at the Independence Day function hosted by the T&T Police Service (TTPS) at Police Administration Building, in Port-of-Spain after the parade in the Queen’s Park Savannah.

In her debut visit to the TTPS’ Administration Building, to raise a toast to the nation, Weekes said that T&T is in a “slip of trouble” and urged all present to do their respective part to “reverse our present course.”

“I ask you please to go forward with boundless faith in our destiny, understanding fully that boundless faith without works could achieve absolutely nothing and there is no stagnant and static situation. If we are not going forward we will be going backwards,” Weekes said.

Moments before, Griffith, who was dressed in his ceremonial police uniform, assured that all will be done, “required by law,” to protect this country. He also assured “steadfast leadership, strategic management and accountability.”

“I would like to reveal a birthday gift to this nation…I give a promise to you today that one year from now, by God’s grace and will, by our 57th anniversary, the TTPS will be a more efficient and effective service,” Griffith said.

Also present at the reception were also Chief Justice Ivor Archie, Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley and his wife, Sharon, and the Minister of National Security Stuart Young.

Categories: News


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